Volume V Issue IX - International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (2023)


Organizations strategically adopt various diversity and inclusion initiatives to encourage the diversity approach of a diverse workforce. Many social science authors and HRM scholars mostly focused on studying diversity models in societal/organizational outcomes. This paper aims to study the correlations of mainly four HR practices in Bangladeshi origin organizations, i.e., employee engagement, diversity training, diversity alignment, and mutual respect, with diversity awareness of diverse workforce working in the organizations. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey of a sample size of 218 employees (108 males, 110 females) from Bangladeshi origin organizations. The statistical tools, such as reliability tests, multiple correlations, multiple regressions, ANOVA, and hypotheses tests, were used for data analysis and interpretations. This research finding showed that employee engagement, diversity training, and diversity alignment is significant to diversity awareness except for mutual respect. The present study contributes to the HRM literature by proposing a conceptual framework of how these four independent variables react to diversity awareness. The study highlights the importance of diversity awareness by diverse employees as a competitive advantage to make multi-cultural firms in the era of industry 4.0.

Page(s): 83-97 Date of Publication: 25 September 2021

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DOI : 10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5910


Mohammed Kamruzzaman
Assistant Professor, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology

Sunan Islam
PhD Researcher, Putra Business School, Universiti Putra Malaysia



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Mohammed Kamruzzaman, Sunan Islam , โ€œCorrelating the diversity awareness within the organizations of Bangladesh in the era of industry 4.0-Human resource perspectiveโ€ International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) volume-5-issue-9, pp.83-97 September 2021 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.47772/IJRISS.2021.5910

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